Syria: Joint Statement Urging Release of Human Rights Lawyer Khalil ..

On the third anniversary of the enforced disappearance of Syrian human rights lawyer Khalil Ma'touq and his assistant and friend Mohamed Thatha, the undersigned organizations are reiterating their call for the two men's immediate and unconditional release.

The two men are believed to have been arrested on 2 October 2012 at one of the various government-operated checkpoints en route from Khalil Ma'touq's home in the Damascus suburb of Sahnaya to his office in Damascus. Requests for information made to the public prosecutor in Damascus by his
family and colleagues in 2012 and 2013 only led to the Syrian authorities denying the arrest of the men. Since then their families and friends have not received any information from the authorities about their wellbeing or whereabouts. Released detainees have, on the other hand, informed
Khalil Ma'touq's family that they spotted him in various government-operated detention facilities, including State Security Branch 285 and Military Intelligence Branch 235 in Damascus.

Although it is not clear exactly why the men were arrested, their enforced disappearance is likely related to Khalil Ma'touq's work as a human rights lawyer specialized in the defence of political prisoners. He has worked, often pro bono, with hundreds of persons detained solely for the
legitimate exercise of their human rights. He is also the director of the Syrian Centre for Legal Studies and Research. In 2015, he ended in second place on the shortlist for the Lawyers for Lawyers Award for lawyers "who work to promote the rule of law and human rights in an exceptional way
and are threatened because of their work."

Torture and other ill-treatment is rife in detention centres operated by the Syrian security forces and detainees are routinely subjected to appalling conditions. Former detainees at Branch 235, where Khalil Ma'touq was reported to have been seen, said that they were held in poor conditions in
crowded cells with inadequate access to food, water and hygienic facilities. One detainee said that approximately five men from his cell died each day, which he attributed to either the result of torture or disease, including due to the detention conditions. Khalil Ma'touq suffers from
advanced lung disease and his life may be at risk as he needs medication and medical attention.

Khalil Ma'touq and Mohamed Thatha continue to be held despite calls by the international community to end the practices of enforced disappearances and torture and other ill-treatment in detention facilities in Syria. UN Security Council Resolution 2139 of February 2014 demanded the release of
all those arbitrarily detained, a call reiterated by a UN Security Council Presidential Statement issued on 17 August 2015.

The Syrian authorities must heed these calls without further delay and release immediately and unconditionally Khalil Ma'touq and Mohamed Thatha as well as all others detained solely for the peaceful exercise of their human rights.

The UN Security Council should ensure the effective and immediate implementation of UN Resolution 2139 as well as unhindered access of independent international monitors to all persons deprived of their liberty.

1. Africa Freedom of Information Centre (AFIC)
2. Amman Center for Human Rights Studies
3. Arab Foundation for Development and Citizenship
4. Arab Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI)
5. Bahrain Centre for Human Rights (BCHR)
6. Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE)
7. Centre for Democracy and Civil Rights in Syria
8. Committees for Defending Democratic Freedoms and Human Rights in Syria
9. Egyptian Organisation for Human Rights
10. El-Nadeem Center for Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence
11. Euromed Rights (EMHRN)
12. FIDH (International Federation for Human Rights), within the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
13. Foundation for Freedom of Thought and Expression
14. Front Line Defenders
15. Gulf Center for Human Rights (GCHR)
16. Humanistic Institute for Development Cooperation (HIVOS)
17. Human Rights Organization in Syria (MAF)
18. Human Rights Watch (HRW)
19. I'lam Arab Center for Media Freedom, Development and Research
20. International Civil Society Action Network (ICAN)
21. Iraqi Journalists Rights Defense Association (IJRDA)
22. Kurdish Committee for Human Rights in Syria (Observer)
23. Kurdish Organization for Human Rights in Syria (DAD)
24. Lawyers for Lawyers
25. Maharat Foundation
26. March Lebanon
27. Media Foundation for West Africa
28. Metro Centre to Defend Journalists in Iraqi Kurdistan
29. National Organization for Human Rights in Syria
30. National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ)
31. No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ)
32. Pax for Peace - Netherland
33. Pen American Center
34. Pen International
35. Rethink Rebuild Society
36. Sisters Arab Forum for Human Rights (SAF)
37. SKeyes Center for Media and Cultural Freedom
38. Syrian American Council
39. Syrian Centre for Legal Studies and Research
40. Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR)
41. The Day After
42. Tunisian Initiative for Freedom of Expression
43. Vigilance for Democracy and Civic State
44. Violations Documentation Center in Syria (VDC)
45. World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), within the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
46. Yemen Organization for Defending Human Rights and Democratic Freedom